6. This usually occurs when the insect pests such as fruit flies produce eggs on the guava tree stems, leaves, and roots. Res. Download RIS citation. Several insect-pests viz., fruit flies, bark eating caterpillars, whiteflies, semilooper, fruit borers, stem borers etc. It is a good source of roughage and also helps in the removal of constipation. Authors: Kumar, Chandan: Advisor: Ray, S. N. Title: Studies on seasonal incidence of insect-pests and pollinators in guava and eco-friendly management of fruit fly Borers are the larvae of certain moths and beetles that feed on the wood in trees instead of the leaves or fruits. Fruit flies are among the world’s most serious pests of different horticultural crops due to their direct impact on economy. How to Treat Fruit Tree Borers. Fruit borer (Virachola Isocrates) Larva bore into the fruits and feed the pulp. Bactrocera correcta is an economically important and invasive fruit fly pest. Guava trees are hardy, aggressive perennials native to tropical and subtropical America. psidii and F. solani (Mart.) Pest and their control: Fruit Fly: It is serious pest of guava. Orange fruit borer causes damage to feijoa. Fruit piercing moth information and control options. Guava wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Diseases 2.1 Guava wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Mealy bug: Suck juice from different parts of the plant and weaken them. 7. TY - JOUR TI - A new Fruit Borer Pest Rapala Varuna Horsfield (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae) on Guava in South India T2 - The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Guava fruit (Psidium guajava) is a mainstay commodity in Bogor and Bogor district is a supplier of guava into surrounding towns. With the establishment of guava orchards in a large area, there has been gradual establishment of pests in the orchards which in turn pose a serious threat to the crop. Collect and destroy infested fruits. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. They are one of 150 species of Psidium, of which most are fruit bearing.Hardy the guava may be, but they do have their share of guava pest problems, most of which can be dealt with using natural pest control methods for guava trees. Use methyl eugenol lure trap (25/ha) to monitor and kill adults of fruit flies or prepare methyl eugenol and malathion 50 EC mixture at 1:1 ratio and take 10 ml mixture/trap. Guava Health Benefits: Control Blood Pressure, Boost Immunity And Much More With This Winter Fruit. Guava is also damaged by worms-like insect pests called maggots. In India, it was introduced in 17th century and is now a household fruit especially in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Fix fruit fly traps @ 16 traps per acre in first week of July for the control of fruit fly. These are young growing insects that feed on both guava fruits and other parts. More Aucklanders are starting to notice guava moths causing problems in their fruit trees. Guava fruit production isn’t affected by many pests. Guava can be grown in any weather conditions. Control; Fruit fly: An extremely scary pest to destroy guava that sucks fruits, rots them that leads to dropping. 2. Biswas GC, Ahmad M, Karim HA, Mian MY (1995) Incidence of fruit borer Virachola isocrates F. on guava at Khagrachari Hill District. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. Comparative efficacy of various treatments for controlling pomegranate fruit borer Inoculation technique (stem hole inoculation) for reproduction of wilt in guava has been standardized. Stressed trees are the ones peachtree borers attack. Fruit rot: Phytophthora nicotianae Dastur, P. nicotianae Breda de Haan var. The larvae produced can also cause damage to the roots, leaves, and fruits of guava. Recharge the traps if required. 21 (2): 294-300. The guava moth is well established in Northland and has made its way south to Auckland over the past few years. If orchards are having history of fruit fly, avoid taking rainy season crop. Common occurrence of another fruit borer, Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Guenee) in rainy season guava was also noticed. 2.2 Fruit rot: Phytophthora nicotianae Dastur, P. nicotianae Breda de Haan var. Control. Guava trees produce sweet smelling fruits with an edible rind, with a creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis antonii) The nymphs and adults puncture fruits of all sizes, tender shoots and leaves to suck sap. India is the largest producing country in the world with 41 % of its production. As part of the quest to develop new chemical attractants for potential control of this species, we had previously detected a large amount of β-caryophyllene (CAR) in the pheromone glands of wild B. correcta males. Fruits should be harvested on third day after spray. Orange fruit borer feeds on many plants including avocado, citrus, feijoa and macadamia. Gliocladium roseum Spray Carbaryl @ 3g/lit of water. When ripe, guavas release a sharp, musky odour that draws fruit flies. In India Guava is cultivated throughout except higher hills. Guava fruit (Psidium guajava) is a mainstay commodity in Bogor and Bogor district is a supplier of guava into surrounding towns. It damages the tender shoots of nursery/adult trees of guava. Many fruit crops including guava provide a stable ecosystem offering good opportunities for biological control of insect and mite pests. Vuill. 5. Guava borer worm (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), a limiting pest in guava: biology, lifecycle and management alternatives Víctor Camilo Pulido Blancoa,∗, Orlando Ildefonso Insuasty Burbanob, Zaida Xiomara Sarmiento-Naizaque b, Julio Ramírez Duran aFacultad de Ciencias, Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia, Corporacion Colombiana de Investigacion Agropecuaria (Agrosavia), Centro … Sacc. The larvae chew and burrow into the fruit generally just below the skin and often near the calyx. Guava Fruit Benefits: Guava contains properties beneficial for your overall health in several ways. Remove infested fruits and spray plants with [email protected] in 100Ltr of water/ 1 acre before the fruit ripening season comes and provide in weekly intervals. In 2000, economic loss caused by the damage of G. aurantianum to citrus fruit in the state of São Paulo, Brazil was estimated at 50 million USD. Infested fruit should be removed and destroyed; plowing around bases of trees infested with guava fruit flies exposes pupae to damaging heat from the sun and to natural enemies; pheromone traps are used successfully in some regions to control guava fruit flies; millions of sterile Caribbean fruit flies are introduced yearly in Florida to control populations on citrus. It is a native of tropical America. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. are known to attack guava plants (Butani, 1979). Sacc. ISHS I International Guava Symposium STUDIES ON INCIDENCE AND CROP LOSSES BY FRUIT BORER DEUDORIX ISOCRATES (LEP: LYCAENIDAE) ON GUAVA Guava fruit contains maximum vitamin C and it contains antioxidant factors and can control systolic blood pressure. This winter, enjoy this fruit and enjoy the many benefits. It is a very helpful fruit to intercrop with banana, Mango, Papaya, Ginger and other fruits, Vegetables. Borers tunnel into the woody parts of trees, including the trunk, twigs, branches and even the roots. Females lay eggs below epidermis of young fruits. The damage shows up around the bottom of the trunk in fall, but … Bangladesh J. Agric. Guava Shoot Borer (Microcolona Technographa): Shoot borer is serious under nursery conditions. Morphology and control of fruit borer (Virachola isocrates F.) of guava. Do harvesting at right time. Keep the guava moth out of your fruit trees. Young and mature fruit can be attacked. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum is a small blackish brown to black tortricid moth with a whitish or pale pinkish, grub-like larva that feeds on the buds and fruit of several plant families, primarily Rutaceae and Sapindaceae. The few pests attracted to guava trees seldom cause severe damage … Pest Control for Guava Fruit. It will fetch high income in a short period with steady speed. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. 1.2.3 Fruit borer: Rapala varuna Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) 1.3 Bark eating caterpillar: Indarbela tetraonis (Moore) (Lepidoptera : Cossidae) 2. Stem canker and dry fruit rot: Physalopara psidii Stevens & Pierce and Diplodia netalensis Evans.] Cartap hydrochloride was found most effective in managing guava fruit borer. guava, fruit canker, Anthracnose and Cercospora leaf spot occurring in northen and eastern India as well as other guava growing areas. Avoid delay in harvesting. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a common fruit of Indian sub-content. Read here to know some of these. Later on maggots feed on pulp afterward fruits starts rotting and get drop. parasitica, P. citricola Sawada and Rhizopus stolanifer (Ehrenb.) The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Bangladesh J Entomol 5:33–39 Google Scholar Butani DK (1978) Insect pests of fruit crops and their control. Major Insects Pests that attack Guava Trees in India and their Control! Abstract. Scientific name: Eudocima sp.. The coccinellid and syrphid predators, chiefly Cheilomenes sexmaculata F., Scymnus latemaculatus Motsch and Ishiodon scutellaris F. were found quite effective in suppressing the guava aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. psidii and F. solani (Mart.) Damage: Minor and sporadic. Infestation of fruit fly ranged from 20.00 to 46.00 per cent with crop loss of 16.00 to 40.00 per cent, which is a matter of serious concern. Fruit flies have been a major limiting factor in production of rainy season guava. And burrow into the woody parts of trees, including the trunk, twigs, and. Fruit Benefits: guava contains properties beneficial for your overall Health in several ways many...., and roots period with steady speed such as fruit flies, bark caterpillars! 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